A Panchang is an elaborate Hindu calendar and almanac that resorts to the traditional units of the Indian Vedic scriptures to provide information relevant to astrologers for them to forecast celestial occurrences, mark auspicious and inauspicious time frames for important occasions such as marriage, education, career, travel, etc.
Sombreness of Panchang
Panchang consists of two words namely, ‘Panch’ and ‘Ang’, Panch means ‘Five’ and Ang means ‘Limbs’. Panchang is created by taking into account five aspects of the tradition Hindu timekeeping limbs or ‘ang’: day of the week (vaar); tithi or lunar day; constellation or nakshatra; yoga; and karan.
The study of Panchang is the fundamental understanding of Rashi Phala, the impact of each of the 12 zodiac signs on an individual and how their day to day lives change based on several movements of the planets.
The casting of a Panchang requires elaborate mathematical work involving high level of spherical geometry and in depth understanding of astronomical phenomena. However, in practice the tabulation is done on the basis of short-cut formulations as propounded by ancient Vedic sages and scholars.